Whenever one hears of steroids abuse and addiction they normally associate it with competitive athletics. But recent studies show that this is no longer the case as many people have turned to the use of steroids outside the sport arena to enhance their performance and appearance in various aspects.
Steroids are simply synthetic compounds that have been designed and engineered to resemble the male sex hormone known as testosterone. It functions by promoting the growth of male sexual features and the skeletal muscles. This is why its use is very rampant amongst body builders, wrestlers and in any other sport that requires the wild growth of the muscles.
The abuse or addiction to steroids has been linked to a number of mental and health problems. Some of these problems may be reversed if the person stops to use the drugs but some are permanent and it may never be easy to reverse.
Since they are artificial hormones, the first risk of using them is the alteration of the natural hormone balance in the body. This imbalance can result into other problems in the male body such as shrinking of the testicles, reduced sperm count, reduced libido, baldness and the development of male breasts.
Women who use the drugs on other hand will develop certain conditions that are associated with the male characteristics. These include a reduction in the body fat, reduction in hair growth, reduction in the size f the breasts and in some occasions, they may develop male pattern baldness.
The other effects of prolonged use of steroids include damage to the cardiovascular system which might in some unfortunate time lead to heart diseases or even stroke. It also increases the chances of blood clot forming in the veins and this can lead to a heart attack when the clot finally reaches the heart.